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.. Wellbeing : challenging the anglo-saxon hegemony

Couverture du livre Wellbeing : challenging the anglo-saxon hegemony

Date de saisie : 11/07/2017
Genre : Sociologie, Société
Editeur : Presses Sorbonne nouvelle, Paris, France
Auteur : Catherine Coron | Louise Dalingwater

Prix : 16.50 €
ISBN : 9782878547115
GENCOD : 9782878547115 Archiver cette fiche
Commander ce livre sur Fnac.com Sorti le : 25/07/2017

 
 
4ème de couverture

The authors of this volume set out to find whether there are any specific cultural features of the Anglo-American notion of wellbeing or whether there is a specific model. Among the wealth of literature on wellbeing over the last few years, a number of studies (mainly empirical) have analysed the impact of different cultures on wellbeing. Nevertheless, studies of the influence of culture and different civilisations have tended to take a very broad perspective (East-West, the Western world vs the developing world, collective vs individualistic cultures). This volume takes quite a different approach by exploring the influence of culture within the Anglosphere and more particularly Anglo-American wellbeing, to examine whether two countries, with similar cultural roots and strong adherence to neo-liberal policies, conceive of wellbeing in the same manner.

Catherine Coron is Assistant Professor at Panthéon-Assas Paris 2 University. Her research focuses on the economic impact of training and education issues in the United Kingdom, human capital, the training paths of entrepreneurs as well as finance and the British model of capitalism.

Louise Dalingwater is an Associate Professor of British Studies at Paris Sorbonne Nouvelle University. Her research focuses on the service sector, public services, health and wellbeing in the United Kingdom.

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Passage choisi

Introduction

Catherine Coron, Louise Dalingwater

According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, wellbeing "is most commonly used in philosophy to describe what is non-instrumentally or ultimately good for a person." The question of what wellbeing consists in is of independent interest, but it is of great importance in moral philosophy, especially in the case of utilitarianism, according to which wellbeing is to be maximized.
Historically speaking, wellbeing derives from the concept of happiness, since the Ancient Greeks only referred to happiness. Aristotle distinguished between two different types of happiness : eudaimonic happiness, which refers to true happiness achieved by leading a virtuous life and doing what is worthwhile, with the realisation of human potential as the ultimate goal, and hedonistic happiness, derived from mere personal pleasure and contentment. It seems that the notion "wellbeing" as such appeared recently as a rather modem concept which could not be considered before the Enlightenment era when the French and American revolutions brought the "pursuit of happiness" up to the status of a "human inalienable right" in 1776. The same year Jeremy Bentham addressed happiness as a measure of societal wellbeing to pro-mote utility or "the greatest happiness for the greatest number"
Wellbeing is a concept which was first scientifically examined in the field of psychology, but today the disciplinary borderline between psychology and economics seems to be blurred. It is certainly not surprising that economies recently became centred on human behaviour with the development of behavioural macroeconomics by George Akerlov, Michael Spence and Joseph Stiglitz who received the Nobel Prize in 2001. The following year, two psychologists were awarded the Nobel Prize for economics : Daniel Kahneman "for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty" and Vernon L. Smith "for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms" (Nobel Prize.org, 2002).
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